Specifying source files
When coverage.py is running your program and measuring its execution, it needs to know what code to measure and what code not to. Measurement imposes a speed penalty, and the collected data must be stored in memory and then on disk. More importantly, when reviewing your coverage reports, you don’t want to be distracted with modules that aren’t your concern.
Coverage.py has a number of ways you can focus it in on the code you care about.
When running your code, the coverage run command will by default measure all code, unless it is part of the Python standard library.
You can specify source to measure with the --source command-line switch, or the [run] source configuration value. The value is a list of directories or package names. If specified, only source inside these directories or packages will be measured. Specifying the source option also enables coverage.py to report on unexecuted files, since it can search the source tree for files that haven’t been measured at all. Only importable files (ones at the root of the tree, or in directories with a __init__.py file) will be considered, and files with unusual punctuation in their names will be skipped (they are assumed to be scratch files written by text editors).
You can further fine-tune coverage.py’s attention with the --include and --omit switches (or [run] include and [run] omit configuration values). --include is a list of filename patterns. If specified, only files matching those patterns will be measured. --omit is also a list of filename patterns, specifying files not to measure. If both include and omit are specified, first the set of files is reduced to only those that match the include patterns, then any files that match the omit pattern are removed from the set.
The include and omit filename patterns follow typical shell syntax: * matches any number of characters and ? matches a single character. Patterns that start with a wildcard character are used as-is, other patterns are interpreted relative to the current directory.
The source, include, and omit values all work together to determine the source that will be measured.
Once your program is measured, you can specify the source files you want reported. Usually you want to see all the code that was measured, but if you are measuring a large project, you may want to get reports for just certain parts.
The report commands (report, html, annotate, and xml) all take optional modules arguments, and --include and --omit switches. The modules arguments specify particular modules to report on. The include and omit values are lists of filename patterns, just as with the run command.
Remember that the reporting commands can only report on the data that has been collected, so the data you’re looking for may not be in the data available for reporting.
Note that these are ways of specifying files to measure. You can also exclude individual source lines. See Excluding code from coverage for details.