Installing coverage.py is done in the usual ways. The simplest way is with pip:
$ pip install coverage
To install a pre-release version, you will need to specify
$ pip install --pre coverage
The alternate old-school technique is:
- Install (or already have installed) setuptools or Distribute.
- Download the appropriate kit from the coverage.py page on the Python Package Index.
python setup.py install.
Coverage.py includes a C extension for speed. It is strongly recommended to use this extension: it is much faster, and is needed to support a number of coverage.py features. Most of the time, the C extension will be installed without any special action on your part.
If you are installing on Linux, you may need to install the python-dev and gcc support files before installing coverage via pip. The exact commands depend on which package manager you use, which Python version you are using, and the names of the packages for your distribution. For example:
$ sudo apt-get install python-dev gcc $ sudo yum install python-devel gcc $ sudo apt-get install python3-dev gcc $ sudo yum install python3-devel gcc
You can determine if you are using the extension by looking at the output of
$ coverage --version Coverage.py, version |release| with C extension Documentation at https://coverage.readthedocs.io
The first line will either say “with C extension,” or “without C extension.”
A few features of coverage.py aren’t supported without the C extension, such as concurrency and plugins.
Installing on Windows¶
For Windows, kits are provided on the PyPI page for different versions of Python and different CPU architectures. These kits require that setuptools be installed as a pre-requisite, but otherwise are self-contained. They have the C extension pre-compiled so there’s no need to worry about compilers.
Checking the installation¶
If all went well, you should be able to open a command prompt, and see coverage.py installed properly:
$ coverage --version Coverage.py, version 4.2b1 with C extension Documentation at https://coverage.readthedocs.io/en/coverage-4.2b1
You can also invoke coverage.py as a module:
$ python -m coverage --version Coverage.py, version 4.2b1 with C extension Documentation at https://coverage.readthedocs.io/en/coverage-4.2b1